Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder

January 8, 2019 阅读 701 字数 2420 评论 0 喜欢 0

Many of us maybe have ever heard Bipolar Disorder, but what is this?

Definition
Also known as Manic Depression, is a condition or illness of mental health which affects extreme mood swings including emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows or downs (depression), and also changes in sleep, energy, ability to think clearly and behaviour.


When the mood shift is mania, someone may feel euphoric, overactive, full of energy, overly excited and confident, but also could include unusually irritable and impulsive or reckless in making decision. Around half of people during this phase, could also have delusions or hallucinations.
While in hypomania, the delusions or hallucinations may not occur, and the energy that someone has is not as much as in mania.
On the other hand, when you are depressed, someone usually feels very sad or hopeless and lost interest and pleasure in most activities. The feelings appear usually worthlessness and could potentially lead to thought of suicide.
The episodes of mood swings may appear rarely or many times a year, it depends on the person.

 

Who gets it
It is fairly common and one every 100 adults will be diagnosed with the condition.
It also can occur at any age but usually develops between ages of 15 and 19 and also develops after 40.
All men and women from all backgrounds could develop it also.

The symptoms & Types
Bipolar I Disorder:
Has at least one manic episode, could be followed by hypomanic or major depressive episodes. Mania could may trigger a break from reality

Bipolar II Disorder:
Has at least one major depressive episode and at least one hypomanic episode, without a manic episode.

Cyclothymic Disorder:
Has at least 2 years or 1 year in children and teenagers (many hypomania symptoms and periods of depressive symptoms.

But, we could say it is very vary, includes “other specified” or “unspecified” many persons with it have different symptoms.

 

The Causes
Scientists haven’t discovered a single cause of it, experts believe there are several factors that caused it happens and all linked together, such as:
GENETICS or GENES
STRESS TRIGGERS, such as the relationship breakdown, abusement, the death of a close family member or loved one.
BRAIN, like imbalancing chemical
PHYSICAL ILLNESS
SLEEP DISTURBANCES
OVERWHELMING DAILY LIFE PROBLEMS

 

Preventions
– Pay attention to warning signs (episodes of mania or depressive)
– Avoid drugs & alcohols
– Take medications as directed (if it’s given by Doctor)

 

Treatment
– Medications (mood stabilizers, antipsychotic drugs)
– Psychotherapy or Psychological Treatment
– Learning to recognize the triggers and signs of the episodes
– Health approaches
– Prayer and faith can also supports

Read carefully, hope could help you.
Many persons have never realized their illness, find it soon and also soon recover would be a better way.

Stay healthy physically and mentally is a must.

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